The Bolivar Square is the historic center of the city, previously called the Calle real, we could find the republic Congress, the justice Palace, the Catedral primada; main buildings in the city and the nation.
Right in the middle of the square we could find a bronze Statue of Simon Bolivar General donated by Jose Ignacio Paris and designed by Pietro Tenerani; the construction was decreed on july 20th of 1846.
Surounding this we could find the Colegio Mayor San Bartolome wich is one of the oldest schools in latin-America, the National Capitol, Congreso de la Republica headquarter, the Lievano building where the Alcaldia Mayor de Bogota, La capilla del sagrario, la Casa del florero where "El grito de la independencia" happened on july 20th of 1810, the justice palace where La corte Suprema de Justicia Works, El palacio de San Carlos ancient presidential headquarter, El palacio Arzobispal and the Presidential actual headquarter called Casa de Nariño.
In La Quinta de Bolivar, that we coud find at the exit of Monserrate, was home of the General and Libertador de la nacion Simon Bolivar, as a monument home, we could appreciate suits, weapons, documents and General´s belongings.
The justice Palace was re builded three times because the first builded in 1921 was destroyed by a fire in 1948 because a national event called "el Bogotazo"; then a new one was builded in the Bolivar Square and destroyed in the taking of the justice palace by the M19 guerrilla movement, when the national army try to take back the palace, they make irreparable damage to the building; 4 years later, the national goverment decided to re construct the building and is the one that remains today.
Location: Between the races 7th and 8th to 10th streets and 11th.